Happy day! Today, March 14, is celebrated as day, since when today’s date is written in American format (3/14) it corresponds with a common approximation of (3.14). (I don’t know when Europeans celebrate day. [Edit: According to Jester (see below), Euopeans celebrate it on July 22 -- 22/7 is another common approximation of .]) , of course, is the ratio between any circle’s circumference and diameter, and shows up all over the place in mathematics (not only in geometry). As you probably know, it isn’t equal to 3.14, or 22/7; it’s actually irrational, which means that it can’t be expressed as a fraction, and its decimal representation continues on forever without repeating.
3.1415926535 8979323846 2643383279 5028841971 6939937510 5820974944 5923078164 0628620899 8628034825 3421170679 8214808651 3282306647 0938446095 5058223172 5359408128 4811174502 8410270193 8521105559 6446229489 5493038196 4428810975 6659334461 2847564823 3786783165 2712019091 4564856692 …
In celebration of this amazing number, here are some fun facts and links for you!
- The first 1 million digits of pi.
- Search the digits of pi.
- Find your name in pi!
- Make pi into music.
- Cadaeic Cadenza: an incredibly amazing piece of constrained writing.
- Read about pi on MathWorld.
- Read about pi on Wikipedia.
Edit: Denise of Let’s play math! has a few more interesting pi-related links and quotes, including a few explaining how to calculate pi by throwing hot dogs on your kitchen floor. I’m not kidding, go check it out.