Category Archives: famous numbers

MaBloWriMo 16: Recap and outline

We have now established all the facts we will need about groups, and have incidentally just passed the halfway point of MaBloWriMo. This feels like a good time to take a step back and outline what we’ve done so far … Continue reading

Posted in algebra, arithmetic, computation, famous numbers, group theory, iteration, modular arithmetic, number theory, primes | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

MaBloWriMo 5: The Lucas-Lehmer Test

We now know that can only be prime when is prime; but even when is prime, sometimes is prime and sometimes it isn’t. The Lucas-Lehmer test is a way to tell us whether is prime, for any prime . The … Continue reading

Posted in algebra, arithmetic, computation, famous numbers, iteration, modular arithmetic, number theory, primes | Tagged , , , , , , | 3 Comments

MaBloWriMo 4: not all prime-index Mersenne numbers are prime

Over the past couple days we saw that if is composite, then is also composite. Equivalently, this means that if we want to be prime, then at the very least must also be prime. But at this point there is … Continue reading

Posted in algebra, arithmetic, computation, famous numbers, iteration, modular arithmetic, number theory, primes | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

MaBloWriMo 3: Mersenne composites in binary

Yesterday we saw that must be composite, since . Today I’ll talk about a somewhat more intuitive way to see this. Recall that we can write numbers in base 2, or “binary”, using the digits 0 and 1 (called “bits”, … Continue reading

Posted in algebra, arithmetic, computation, famous numbers, iteration, modular arithmetic, number theory, primes | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

MaBloWriMo: Mersenne composites

The name of the game is to find Mersenne numbers which are also prime. Today, a simple observation: can only be prime when is also prime. Put conversely, if is composite then is also composite. For example, is composite and … Continue reading

Posted in algebra, arithmetic, computation, famous numbers, iteration, modular arithmetic, number theory, primes | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

MaBloWriMo: The Lucas-Lehmer test

Today, I noticed both Zachary Abel and Qiaochu Yuan plan to write a blog post every day this month (hooray!). I haven’t written on here as much as I would like recently, and so I thought, why not? I already … Continue reading

Posted in algebra, arithmetic, computation, famous numbers, iteration, modular arithmetic, number theory, primes | Tagged , , , , , , | 5 Comments

Mersenne primes and the Lucas-Lehmer test

Mersenne numbers, named after Marin Mersenne, are numbers of the form . The first few Mersenne numbers are therefore , , , , , and so on. Mersenne numbers come up all the time in computer science (for example, is … Continue reading

Posted in arithmetic, computation, famous numbers, iteration, modular arithmetic, number theory, primes | Tagged , , , , | 3 Comments