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# Category Archives: arithmetic

## The Möbius function proof, part 2 (the subset parity lemma)

Continuing from my previous post, we are in the middle of proving that satisfies the same equation as , that is, and that therefore for all , that is, is the sum of all the th primitive roots of unity. … Continue reading

Posted in arithmetic, combinatorics, complex numbers, primes, proof
Tagged circle, complex, moebius, mu, primitive, proof, roots, sum, unit, unity
2 Comments

## Factorization diagram cards are here!

It’s been a long process, but factorization diagram cards are finally available for purchase! If you just want to purchase a set right this minute, then click the above link! If you want to learn more, keep reading. History As … Continue reading

Posted in arithmetic, counting, pattern, pictures, primes, teaching
Tagged cards, diagrams, factorization
2 Comments

## Factorization diagram card redesign: feedback welcome!

After getting a printed set of factorization diagram cards, I decided there were a few design tweaks I wanted to make. I’ve gone through a few iterations and I think they are definitely better now. Here are some representative samples … Continue reading

Posted in arithmetic, counting, pattern, pictures, primes, teaching
Tagged cards, diagrams, factorization
6 Comments

## The route puzzle

While poking around some old files I came across this puzzle: (Click for a larger version.) I didn’t make it, and I have no idea where I got it from (do you know?). But in any case, wherever it comes … Continue reading

Posted in arithmetic, challenges, number theory, proof, puzzles
Tagged cube, perfect, prime, puzzle, route, square, triangular
7 Comments

## The Recamán sequence

I recently learned about a really interesting sequence of integers, called the Recamán sequence (it’s sequence A005132 in the Online Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences). It is very simple to define, but the resulting complexity shows how powerful self-reference is (for … Continue reading

Posted in arithmetic, recursion, sequences
Tagged difference, integers, Recamán, repeat, sequence
5 Comments

## Factorization diagram cards!

I’ve designed a set of factorization diagram cards and had them actually printed. This is one of the first times in my life when I have caused Actual Physical Objects to be created (other than using a printer I guess) … Continue reading

Posted in arithmetic, counting, pattern, pictures, primes, teaching, video
Tagged cards, diagrams, factorization
5 Comments

## Golden numbers are Fibonacci

This post is fourth in a series, proving the curious fact that is a Fibonacci number if and only if one (or both) of or is a perfect square; we call numbers of this form golden numbers. Last time, I … Continue reading

Posted in arithmetic, computation, famous numbers, fibonacci, proof
Tagged Cassini, fibonacci, formula, lucas, square, test
2 Comments