### Meta

### Categories

- algebra (46)
- arithmetic (77)
- books (30)
- calculus (7)
- challenges (56)
- combinatorics (21)
- complex numbers (6)
- computation (79)
- convergence (9)
- counting (35)
- famous numbers (48)
- fibonacci (18)
- fractals (13)
- games (34)
- geometry (71)
- golden ratio (8)
- group theory (28)
- humor (7)
- induction (7)
- infinity (19)
- iteration (24)
- links (76)
- logic (9)
- meta (43)
- modular arithmetic (30)
- number theory (105)
- open problems (11)
- paradox (1)
- pascal's triangle (8)
- pattern (98)
- people (21)
- pictures (71)
- posts without words (34)
- primes (55)
- probability (6)
- programming (20)
- proof (83)
- puzzles (18)
- recursion (16)
- review (21)
- sequences (28)
- solutions (30)
- teaching (14)
- trig (3)
- Uncategorized (6)
- video (19)

### Archives

- May 2019 (4)
- April 2019 (2)
- March 2019 (3)
- February 2019 (3)
- January 2019 (4)
- November 2018 (3)
- October 2018 (4)
- September 2018 (4)
- August 2018 (6)
- July 2018 (2)
- June 2018 (5)
- May 2018 (3)
- April 2018 (5)
- March 2018 (4)
- February 2018 (3)
- January 2018 (4)
- December 2017 (3)
- November 2017 (3)
- October 2017 (1)
- September 2017 (1)
- July 2017 (4)
- June 2017 (4)
- May 2017 (9)
- April 2017 (7)
- March 2017 (5)
- February 2017 (4)
- January 2017 (3)
- December 2016 (4)
- November 2016 (6)
- October 2016 (6)
- September 2016 (2)
- August 2016 (5)
- July 2016 (2)
- June 2016 (4)
- May 2016 (4)
- April 2016 (2)
- March 2016 (3)
- February 2016 (9)
- January 2016 (8)
- December 2015 (5)
- November 2015 (29)
- August 2015 (3)
- June 2015 (2)
- April 2015 (1)
- May 2014 (1)
- December 2013 (1)
- October 2013 (1)
- July 2013 (1)
- June 2013 (1)
- May 2013 (1)
- April 2013 (3)
- March 2013 (3)
- February 2013 (2)
- January 2013 (5)
- December 2012 (3)
- November 2012 (4)
- October 2012 (5)
- September 2012 (1)
- August 2012 (4)
- July 2012 (1)
- June 2012 (6)
- May 2012 (2)
- April 2012 (3)
- March 2012 (1)
- February 2012 (4)
- January 2012 (5)
- December 2011 (1)
- November 2011 (7)
- October 2011 (4)
- September 2011 (6)
- July 2011 (2)
- June 2011 (4)
- May 2011 (5)
- April 2011 (2)
- March 2011 (4)
- February 2011 (1)
- January 2011 (1)
- December 2010 (1)
- November 2010 (4)
- October 2010 (2)
- September 2010 (1)
- August 2010 (1)
- July 2010 (1)
- June 2010 (2)
- May 2010 (3)
- April 2010 (1)
- February 2010 (6)
- January 2010 (3)
- December 2009 (8)
- November 2009 (7)
- October 2009 (3)
- September 2009 (3)
- August 2009 (1)
- June 2009 (4)
- May 2009 (5)
- April 2009 (4)
- March 2009 (2)
- February 2009 (1)
- January 2009 (7)
- December 2008 (1)
- October 2008 (2)
- September 2008 (7)
- August 2008 (1)
- July 2008 (1)
- June 2008 (1)
- April 2008 (5)
- February 2008 (4)
- January 2008 (4)
- December 2007 (3)
- November 2007 (12)
- October 2007 (2)
- September 2007 (4)
- August 2007 (3)
- July 2007 (1)
- June 2007 (3)
- May 2007 (1)
- April 2007 (4)
- March 2007 (3)
- February 2007 (7)
- January 2007 (1)
- December 2006 (2)
- October 2006 (2)
- September 2006 (6)
- July 2006 (4)
- June 2006 (2)
- May 2006 (6)
- April 2006 (3)
- March 2006 (6)

# Category Archives: arithmetic

## Quickly recognizing primes less than 100

Recently, Mark Dominus wrote about trying to memorize all the prime numbers under . This is a cool idea, but it made me start thinking about alternative: instead of memorizing primes, could we memorize a procedure for determining whether a … Continue reading

## The wizard’s rational puzzle (mind your p’s and q’s!)

You have been abducted by a sadistic math wizard (don’t you hate it when that happens?). He ushers you into a plain but cozy-looking room, with a hardwood floor, a few exotic-looking rugs, and wood paneling on the walls. He … Continue reading

Posted in arithmetic, challenges, logic, programming, puzzles
Tagged arithmetic, denominator, numerator, puzzle, rational, wizard
15 Comments

## Iterating squared digit sums in other bases

In a previous post I wrote about iterating the squared digit sum function, which adds up the sum of the squares of the digits of a number; for example, . Denis left a comment asking about other bases—what happens if … Continue reading

## Iterating squared digit sum

Another fun fact I learned from John Cook. Let be the function which takes a positive integer and outputs the sum of the squares of its digits. For example, . Since the output is itself another positive integer, we can … Continue reading

Posted in arithmetic, computation, proof
Tagged digit, loop, Porges, proof, squared, sum
12 Comments

## More on sums of palindromes

In my previous post I reported on a recent proof that every positive integer can be written as the sum of three palindromes. The first thing to report in this follow-up post is that Lewis Baxter sent me the Python … Continue reading

## Every positive integer is a sum of three palindromes

I recently learned from John Cook about a new paper by Javier Cilleruelo, Florian Luca, and Lewis Baxter proving that every positive integer can be written as a sum of three palindromes. A palindrome is a number that is the … Continue reading

Posted in arithmetic, computation, links
Tagged algorithm, constructive, news, palindromes, proof, sum
14 Comments