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# Category Archives: geometry

## The chromatic number of the plane, part 2: lower bounds

In a previous post I explained the Hadwiger-Nelson problem—to determine the chromatic number of the plane—and I claimed that we now know the answer is either 5, 6, or 7. In the following few posts I want to explain how … Continue reading

## The chromatic number of the plane, part 1

About a week ago, Aubrey de Grey published a paper titled “The chromatic number of the plane is at least 5”, which is a really cool result. It’s been widely reported already, so I’m actually a bit late to the … Continue reading

## Why drawing orthogons is hard

We’re nearing the end of this little diversion on orthogons. We now know that orthogons are in 1-1 correspondence with orthobraces, and we can efficiently generate orthobraces. The only thing left is to find a way to turn orthobraces into … Continue reading

Posted in computation, geometry
Tagged constraint, drawing, global, local, orthobraces, orthogonal, orthogons
3 Comments

## Orthogons and orthobraces

One of these days soon I will get back to writing about primality tests, but for now I am having fun getting sidetracked on orthogons! In a previous post I gave rules for when two orthogons will be considered the … Continue reading

## Properties of orthogons II

In my previous post I proved three out of the four properties of orthogons I originally stated. Now let’s prove the final property: Every sequence of an even number of X’s and V’s, with exactly four more X’s than V’s, … Continue reading

## Properties of orthogons I

First things first: from now on, when talking about polygons with only right angles, instead of calling them “orthogonal polygons” I’m going to start calling them “orthogons”, which sounds cool, is much less clunky than “orthogonal polygons”, and doesn’t seem … Continue reading

Posted in combinatorics, geometry, proof
Tagged concave, convex, orthogonal, orthogons, polygons, proof, properties, vertices
10 Comments

## Orthogonal polygons

It’s time to say more about PWW #21, in which I exhibited things like this: Quite a few commenters figured out what was going on, and mentioned several nice (equivalent) ways to think about it. Primarily, the idea is to … Continue reading