### Meta

### Categories

- algebra (47)
- arithmetic (86)
- books (35)
- calculus (7)
- challenges (58)
- combinatorics (29)
- complex numbers (6)
- computation (83)
- convergence (9)
- counting (38)
- famous numbers (48)
- fibonacci (18)
- fractals (13)
- games (34)
- geometry (72)
- golden ratio (8)
- group theory (28)
- humor (8)
- induction (8)
- infinity (19)
- iteration (24)
- links (76)
- logic (12)
- meta (43)
- modular arithmetic (30)
- number theory (108)
- open problems (11)
- paradox (1)
- pascal's triangle (8)
- pattern (106)
- people (23)
- pictures (74)
- posts without words (42)
- primes (57)
- probability (9)
- programming (20)
- proof (93)
- puzzles (18)
- recursion (16)
- review (25)
- sequences (28)
- solutions (31)
- teaching (16)
- trig (3)
- Uncategorized (6)
- video (19)

### Archives

- June 2021 (1)
- May 2021 (1)
- March 2020 (4)
- February 2020 (1)
- January 2020 (7)
- December 2019 (4)
- November 2019 (2)
- October 2019 (5)
- September 2019 (7)
- August 2019 (3)
- July 2019 (5)
- May 2019 (4)
- April 2019 (2)
- March 2019 (3)
- February 2019 (3)
- January 2019 (4)
- November 2018 (3)
- October 2018 (4)
- September 2018 (4)
- August 2018 (6)
- July 2018 (2)
- June 2018 (5)
- May 2018 (3)
- April 2018 (5)
- March 2018 (4)
- February 2018 (3)
- January 2018 (4)
- December 2017 (3)
- November 2017 (3)
- October 2017 (1)
- September 2017 (1)
- July 2017 (4)
- June 2017 (4)
- May 2017 (9)
- April 2017 (7)
- March 2017 (5)
- February 2017 (4)
- January 2017 (3)
- December 2016 (4)
- November 2016 (6)
- October 2016 (6)
- September 2016 (2)
- August 2016 (5)
- July 2016 (2)
- June 2016 (4)
- May 2016 (4)
- April 2016 (2)
- March 2016 (3)
- February 2016 (9)
- January 2016 (8)
- December 2015 (5)
- November 2015 (29)
- August 2015 (3)
- June 2015 (2)
- April 2015 (1)
- May 2014 (1)
- December 2013 (1)
- October 2013 (1)
- July 2013 (1)
- June 2013 (1)
- May 2013 (1)
- April 2013 (3)
- March 2013 (3)
- February 2013 (2)
- January 2013 (5)
- December 2012 (3)
- November 2012 (4)
- October 2012 (5)
- September 2012 (1)
- August 2012 (4)
- July 2012 (1)
- June 2012 (6)
- May 2012 (2)
- April 2012 (3)
- March 2012 (1)
- February 2012 (4)
- January 2012 (5)
- December 2011 (1)
- November 2011 (7)
- October 2011 (4)
- September 2011 (6)
- July 2011 (2)
- June 2011 (4)
- May 2011 (5)
- April 2011 (2)
- March 2011 (4)
- February 2011 (1)
- January 2011 (1)
- December 2010 (1)
- November 2010 (4)
- October 2010 (2)
- September 2010 (1)
- August 2010 (1)
- July 2010 (1)
- June 2010 (2)
- May 2010 (3)
- April 2010 (1)
- February 2010 (6)
- January 2010 (3)
- December 2009 (8)
- November 2009 (7)
- October 2009 (3)
- September 2009 (3)
- August 2009 (1)
- June 2009 (4)
- May 2009 (5)
- April 2009 (4)
- March 2009 (2)
- February 2009 (1)
- January 2009 (7)
- December 2008 (1)
- October 2008 (2)
- September 2008 (7)
- August 2008 (1)
- July 2008 (1)
- June 2008 (1)
- April 2008 (5)
- February 2008 (4)
- January 2008 (4)
- December 2007 (3)
- November 2007 (12)
- October 2007 (2)
- September 2007 (4)
- August 2007 (3)
- July 2007 (1)
- June 2007 (3)
- May 2007 (1)
- April 2007 (4)
- March 2007 (3)
- February 2007 (7)
- January 2007 (1)
- December 2006 (2)
- October 2006 (2)
- September 2006 (6)
- July 2006 (4)
- June 2006 (2)
- May 2006 (6)
- April 2006 (3)
- March 2006 (6)

# Category Archives: sequences

## The Recamán sequence

I recently learned about a really interesting sequence of integers, called the Recamán sequence (it’s sequence A005132 in the Online Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences). It is very simple to define, but the resulting complexity shows how powerful self-reference is (for … Continue reading

Posted in arithmetic, recursion, sequences
Tagged difference, integers, Recamán, repeat, sequence
5 Comments

## Post without words #5, explained

If you stared for a while at the images in my previous post, you probably noticed some patterns, and maybe you even figured out some sort of rule or algorithm behind them. Commenter Yammatak expressed it as “You split it … Continue reading

Posted in pattern, pictures, posts without words, sequences, solutions
Tagged curve, Hilbert, Prouhet-Thue-Morse, sequence, space-filling, Thue-Morse
4 Comments

## Fibonacci multiples, solution 1

In a previous post, I challenged you to prove If evenly divides , then evenly divides , where denotes the th Fibonacci number (). Here’s one fairly elementary proof (though it certainly has a few twists!). Pick some arbitrary and … Continue reading

Posted in fibonacci, modular arithmetic, number theory, pattern, pictures, proof, sequences
Tagged divisibility, fibonacci, proof, remainders
5 Comments

## A Fibonacci pattern

Recall the Fibonacci numbers, , the sequence of numbers beginning with where each subsequent number is the sum of the previous two: Try this: pick any Fibonacci number. Square it. Now, look at the two Fibonacci numbers on either side … Continue reading

Posted in algebra, arithmetic, challenges, fibonacci, pattern, sequences
Tagged fibonacci, number, pattern
4 Comments

## m-bracelets

It is easy to generalize number bracelets to moduli other than 10—at each step, add the two previous numbers and take the remainder of the result when divided by m. Here are some pretty pictures I made of the resulting … Continue reading

Posted in arithmetic, fibonacci, iteration, pattern, pictures, sequences
6 Comments

## Number bracelets

Recently I’ve been volunteering with the middle school math club at Penn Alexander, a PreK-8 school in my neighborhood. Today we did (among other things) a fun activity I’d never seen before, called “number bracelets”. The students seemed to enjoy … Continue reading

Posted in arithmetic, iteration, pattern, sequences, teaching
Tagged activity, bracelets, number, Penn Alexander
12 Comments

## The hyperbinary sequence and the Calkin-Wilf tree

And now, the amazing conclusion to this series of posts on Neil Calkin and Herbert Wilf’s paper, Recounting the Rationals, and the answers to all the questions about the hyperbinary sequence. Hold on to your hats! The Calkin-Wilf Tree First, … Continue reading

Posted in arithmetic, computation, induction, iteration, number theory, pattern, proof, recursion, sequences, solutions
Tagged algorithm, binary, Calkin-Wilf, Euclidean, Haskell, hyperbinary, tree
6 Comments

## Hyperbinary conjecture seeking proof for a good time, long walks on the beach

Here’s the latest progress on the hyperbinary sequence. We’re trying to figure out the inverse relation of the function : given a particular number , where does it occur in the hyperbinary sequence? That is, what are the values of … Continue reading

Posted in challenges, pattern, people, proof, sequences
Tagged Euler, hyperbinary, inverse relation, totient
4 Comments

## More hyperbinary fun

When I originally posed Challenge #12, a certain Dave posted a series of comments with some explorations and partial solutions to part II (the hyperbinary sequence). Although I gave the “solution” in my last post, no solution to any problem … Continue reading

Posted in challenges, induction, pattern, proof, recursion, sequences, solutions
Tagged hyperbinary, induction
12 Comments

## Challenge #12 solution, part II

Yes, that’s right, that Challenge #12, posted one year, five months, and a day ago. You see, I have this nasty habit of starting things and not finishing them… well, better late than never! Question two of the aforementioned challenge … Continue reading

Posted in challenges, counting, induction, pattern, sequences, solutions
Tagged binary, hyperbinary
15 Comments