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# Tag Archives: Fermat

## More on Fermat witnesses and liars

In my previous post I stated, without proof, the following theorem: Theorem: if is composite and there exists at least one Fermat witness for , then at least half of the numbers relatively prime to are Fermat witnesses. Were you … Continue reading

Posted in computation, number theory, primes
Tagged Carmichael, Fermat, liar, primality, test, witness

## Fermat witnesses and liars (some words on PWW #24)

Let be a positive integer we want to test for primality, and suppose is some other positive integer with . There are then four possibilities: and could share a common factor. In this case we can find the common factor … Continue reading

Posted in computation, number theory, posts without words, primes
Tagged Fermat, liar, primality, test, witness
1 Comment

## The Fermat primality test and the GCD test

In my previous post we proved that if shares a nontrivial common factor with , then , and this in turn proves that is not prime (by Fermat’s Little Theorem). But wait a minute, this is silly: if shares a … Continue reading

## Making the Fermat primality test deterministic

Let’s recall Fermat’s Little Theorem: If is prime and is an integer where , then . Recall that we can turn this directly into a test for primality, called the Fermat primality test, as follows: given some number that we … Continue reading

Posted in computation, number theory, primes
Tagged deterministic, Fermat, primality, test
1 Comment

## The Fermat primality test

After several long tangents writing about orthogons and the chromatic number of the plane, I’m finally getting back to writing about primality testing. All along in this series, my ultimate goal has been to present some general primality testing algorithms … Continue reading

## Fermat’s Little Theorem: proof by necklaces

It’s time for our second proof of Fermat’s Little Theorem, this time using a proof by necklaces. As you know, proof by necklaces is a very standard technique for… wait, what do you mean, you’ve never heard of proof by … Continue reading

Posted in combinatorics, number theory, primes, proof
Tagged combinatorics, counting, Fermat, little, necklace, proof, theorem
4 Comments