## About Cadmium

Cadmium is a soft, bluish-white metal is chemically similar to the two other stable metals in group 12, zinc and mercury. In nuclear industry cadmium is commonly used as a thermal neutron absorber due to very high neutron absorption cross-section of 113Cd. 113Cd has specific absorption cross-section.

## Cadmium – Specific Heat, Latent Heat of Fusion, Latent Heat of Vaporization

**Specific heat of Cadmium is ****0.23 J/g K**.

**Heat capacity** is an extensive property of matter, meaning it is proportional to the size of the system. **Heat capacity C** has the unit of energy per degree or energy per kelvin. When expressing the same phenomenon as an intensive property, the **heat capacity** is divided by the amount of substance, mass, or volume, thus the quantity is independent of the size or extent of the sample.

**Latent Heat of Fusion of Cadmium is ****6.192 kJ/mol**.

**Latent Heat of Vaporization of Cadmium is ****99.57 kJ/mol**.

Latent heat is the amount of heat added to or removed from a substance to produce a change in phase. This energy breaks down the intermolecular attractive forces, and also must provide the energy necessary to expand the gas (the **pΔV work**). When latent heat is added, no temperature change occurs. The enthalpy of vaporization is a function of the pressure at which that transformation takes place.

See also: Mechanical Properties of Cadmium

### Summary

Element | Cadmium |

Specific Heat | 0.23 J/g K |

Heat of Fusion | 6.192 kJ/mol |

Heat of Vaporization | 99.57 kJ/mol |

Density | 8.65 g/cm3 |

Source: www.luciteria.com