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Tag Archives: function
Ways to prove a bijection
You have a function and want to prove it is a bijection. What can you do? By the book A bijection is defined as a function which is both onetoone and onto. So prove that is onetoone, and prove that … Continue reading
Posted in logic, proof
Tagged bijection, finite, function, injection, invertible, onetoone, onto, proof, surjection
7 Comments
Onesided inverses, surjections, and injections
Several commenters correctly answered the question from my previous post: if we have a function and such that for every , then is not necessarily invertible. Here are a few counterexamples: Commenter Buddha Buck came up with probably the simplest … Continue reading
Posted in logic
Tagged bijection, function, injection, invertible, onetoone, onto, surjection
1 Comment
Test your intuition: bijections
Suppose we have sets and and a function (that is, ’s domain is and its codomain is ). Suppose there is another function such that for every . Is necessarily a bijection? That is, does necessarily match up each element … Continue reading
A combinatorial proof: PIE a la mode!
Continuing from my last post in this series, we’re trying to show that , where is defined as which is what we get when we start with a sequence of consecutive th powers and repeatedly take successive differences. Recall that … Continue reading
Posted in arithmetic, combinatorics, proof
Tagged consecutive, difference, function, integers, matching, powers
Comments Off on A combinatorial proof: PIE a la mode!
A combinatorial proof: counting bad functions
In a previous post we derived the following expression: . We are trying to show that , in order to show that starting with a sequence of consecutive th powers and repeatedly taking successive differences will always result in . … Continue reading
Posted in arithmetic, combinatorics, proof
Tagged consecutive, difference, function, integers, matching, powers
1 Comment
A combinatorial proof: functions and matchings
We’re trying to prove the following equality (see my previous post for a recap of the story so far): In particular we’re trying to show that the two sides of this equation correspond to two different ways to count the … Continue reading
Posted in arithmetic, combinatorics, proof
Tagged consecutive, difference, function, integers, matching, powers
5 Comments
Idempotent endofunctions
Via Topological Musings comes another neat little counting problem. A function is idempotent if applying it twice gives the same result as applying it once: that is, for any input x. Endofunction is just a fancy way of talking about … Continue reading