Category Archives: proof

Now on mathstodon.xyz

Christian Lawson-Perfect and Colin Wright have set up an instance of Mastodon—a decentralized, open-source Twitter clone—as a place for mathy folks to be social. It’s appropriately named mathstodon.xyz, and because it’s open-source they were able to easily hack in support. … Continue reading

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Another greedy coins game update

Another update on the analysis of the greedy coins game (previous posts here, here, and here). I will make another post very soon explaining how to compute optimal play. In my previous post I reported that Thibault Vroonhove had conjectured … Continue reading

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Greedy coins game update

I plan to write a longer post soon, but for the moment I just wanted to provide a quick update about the greedy coins game (previous posts here and here). It turns out that the game is a lot more … Continue reading

Posted in games, proof | Tagged , , , , , , | 18 Comments

Möbius inversion

In my last post we saw that , that is, the Möbius function is the inverse of with respect to Dirichlet convolution. This directly leads to an interesting principle called Möbius inversion. Möbius inversion. Suppose is defined for as the … Continue reading

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Dirichlet convolution and the Möbius function

Recall from last time that the Dirichlet convolution of two functions and is written and defined by: where the sum is taken over all possible factorizations of into a product of positive integers. Last time we saw that is commutative … Continue reading

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Dirichlet convolution

Let and be two functions defined on the positive integers. Then the Dirichlet convolution of and , written , is another function on the positive integers, defined as follows: The sum is taken over all possible factorizations of into a … Continue reading

Posted in combinatorics, proof | Tagged , , , | 8 Comments

The Möbius function proof, part 2 (the subset parity lemma)

Continuing from my previous post, we are in the middle of proving that satisfies the same equation as , that is, and that therefore for all , that is, is the sum of all the th primitive roots of unity. … Continue reading

Posted in arithmetic, combinatorics, complex numbers, primes, proof | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments