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# Author Archives: Brent

## Four formats for Fermat

In my previous post I mentioned Fermat’s Little Theorem, a beautiful, fundamental result in number theory that underlies lots of things like public-key cryptography and primality testing. (It’s called “little” to distinguish it from his (in)famous Last Theorem.) There are … Continue reading

## From primitive roots to Euclid’s orchard

Commenter Snowball pointed out the similarity between Euclid’s Orchard… …and this picture of primitive roots I made a year ago: At first I didn’t see the connection, but Snowball was absolutely right. Once I understood it, I made this little … Continue reading

Posted in pattern, pictures, posts without words
Tagged algorithm, Euclidean, gcd, orchard, primitive, roots
Leave a comment

## A few words about PWW #20

A couple commenters quickly figured out what my previous post without words was about. The dots making up the image are at integer grid points , with the center at . There is a dot at if and only if … Continue reading

## The curious powers of 1 + sqrt 2: recurrences

In my previous post, we found an answer to the question: What’s the 99th digit to the right of the decimal point in the decimal expansion of ? However, the solution depended on having the clever idea to add . … Continue reading

Posted in number theory, puzzles
Tagged conjecture, digits, powers, puzzle, ratio, silver
8 Comments

## The curious powers of 1 + sqrt 2: a clever solution

Recall that we are trying to answer the question: What’s the 99th digit to the right of the decimal point in the decimal expansion of ? In my previous post, we computed for some small and conjectured that the answer … Continue reading

Posted in number theory, puzzles
Tagged conjecture, digits, powers, puzzle, ratio, silver
2 Comments